Bunions are often described as a “bump” on the side of the big toe, caused by a mal-alignment of the big toe joint. The big toe leans toward the second toe, rather than pointing straight ahead.

Bunions may be swollen, tender and painful, especially when wearing shoes. Pain often occurs when wearing shoes that crowd the toes, ie pointy toes or high heels. This explains why women are more likely to have symptoms than men. Spending long periods of time on your feet can aggravate the symptoms. Symptoms, which occur at the side of the bunion may include:

  • Pain / soreness
  • Inflammation and redness
  • Burning sensation
  • Perhaps some numbness

Bunions are progressive and gradually changing the angle of the bones. There are many causes for bunions to occur, they may be inherited, the result of biomechanical abnormalities, trauma, result of arthritic changes or from years of wearing ill-fitting shoes.

  • Proper footwear – choose shoes with a wide toe box with good support and forgo the pointed toes or high heels
  • Over the counter protective padding to cushion the bunion
  • Apply cold compresses
  • Medication – over the counter anti-inflammatory. See your family doctor for a consult to a specialist for a proper evaluation and intervention.

Clients with diabetes or poor circulations are encouraged to seek professional help.

While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information provided, it is provided for information purposes only. Neither the MAFCN not its members are responsible or liable for any claim or personal injury, which may occur as a result of using this information. Any reliance on the information is solely at the users own risk. It is not the intention of the MAFCN or its member’s to provide specific medical advice but rather to provide users with information to better understand their foot problems. It you have a foot problem please contact a medical professional.